Put things in your own words unless the question asks for a direct quote. Be very detailed.
Part 1: More Fallacies
- What is the ad hominem fallacy? When is it a fallacy to criticize the person making an argument, and when is this acceptable as part of a good argument? Answer in 12 sentences, with two direct quotes from the course text by Van Cleave. Quotes go in quotation marks with the in-text citation (Van Cleave, 2016, p. ___). (10 points)
- Give an example of each of the following, related to one of your hobbies or interests. Compose your own arguments for these questions. (10 points each)
- (a) An argument that commits the causal slippery slope fallacy
- (b) An argument that commits the straw man fallacy
- (c) An argument that looks like the fallacy of appeal to authority, but is in fact a goodargument and not a fallacy
Part 2: Inductive Arguments
3. What is the difference between a deductive and an inductive argument? What makes something a strong inductive argument? Can a strong inductive argument have false premises? Why or why not? These topics are not fully covered in the course text, so also draw from my lesson video or video transcript. Give a full explanation.(10 points)
- Why is it important for arguments involving statistical generalization to have a sufficiently large and non-biased sample? Answer in 12 sentences, with two direct quotes from the course text by Van Cleave. Quote go in quotation marks with the in-text citation (Van Cleave, 2016, p. ___). (10 points)
- Think of your favorite place to spend time or travel. Then, compose the following arguments about your chosen location. (10 points each)
- An argument involving a good statistical generalization
- An argument involving a statistical generalization with a large sample size, but abiased sample
- For this question, find a short real-world argument from an outside source related to the social or ethical issue you chose as your paper topic. You can choose to find either an argument involving one of the named fallacies from the course text (false dichotomy fallacy, straw man fallacy, etc.) or an argument involving a statistical generalization. If you choose a fallacy, it can be one of the named types from either of the two fallacy modules. Whichever kind of argument you choose is up to you. Then, use the argument to answer the following prompts. Please, provide a full explanation. (10 points each)
- List the premise(s) and conclusion of the argument. For this, you can give direct quotes or paraphrase from the source. Supply any missing claims needed to complete the argument if certain claims are intended by the speaker, but not directly stated.
- Is the argument good or bad, and why? Use definitions and concepts from the relevant lesson to explain your answer