SAC4012-B Criminological Theory

SAC4012-B Criminological Theory

 

  • Compare and contrast the principles of zero tolerance and community policing in today’s multi-cultural society as learned in SAC4012-B Criminological Theory:
  • Which criminological theory best explains crime?
    According to rational choice theory, individuals have free will to choose between criminal or noncriminal behaviors. Deterrence theory, the most prominent choice-based theory, is based on the idea that people engage in crime when the anticipated benefits of committing a crime outweigh the likely costs of crime.
  • Using examples to illustrate your views, explain why a criminological perspective may not be appropriate to explain all forms of crime.
  • Discuss and evaluate either Left Realism orNew Right perspectives of criminological theory about offenders.
  • Using theory, explain why young people might be prone to joining ‘gangs’.

Tips

The study and practice of criminology delves into crime causation and factors that contribute to offender criminality. This means considering four basic theories: Rational Choice, Sociological Positivism, Biological Positivism and Psychological Positivism.

 

What makes a good criminological theory?

Akers and Sellers (2013) have established a set of criteria to judge criminological theories: logical consistency, scope, parsimony, testability, empirical validity, and usefulness. Logical consistency is the basic building block of any theory. It refers to a theory’s ability to “make sense”.

Which criminological theory best explains crime?

According to rational choice theory, individuals have free will to choose between criminal or noncriminal behaviors. Deterrence theory, the most prominent choice-based theory, is based on the idea that people engage in crime when the anticipated benefits of committing a crime outweigh the likely costs of crime.