Individual papers should delve deeper into selected policy and theoretical issues (Selected framework: (substantive vs. procedural democracy). After introducing those issues and your own theoretical frame, students should use the latter to analyse relevant global and case specific data, focusing on one of the 75 most fragile FCAS on the 2019 Fragile States Index. Papers should focus on analysing policies and practical responses — rather than just on problems. Students wishing to make policy recommendations should ensure that they analyse the prospects for their implementation in their FCAS. The paper is dedicating on analyse issues from one country of the 75 most fragile FCAS on the 2019 Fragile States Index by using the theoretical framework from the presentation that I did (substantive vs. procedural democracy). – The topic is “democratic governance and inclusive politics”, which the prof provides several readings with some reflection questions. So basically the presentations’ structure is to answer the questions by using the assigned readings. (I will upload the presentation and assigned readings later) Why do democratic governance and inclusive politics seem essential for peacebuilding and development? How do those priorities link to the New Deal and Agenda 2030? What is the record of official, procedural approaches to democracy promotion in FCAS? Why? What insights do liberal institutional analysts like Gillies offer into that record? Why do some actors and analysts like Zuern, feel that elections are necessary but insufficient to build democracy? What is the record of efforts to advance substantive democracy? What light does the neo-realist institutional perspective of Zurcher et al. shed on constraints impeding either procedural or substantive democracy in different FCAS?