due to fouling of membranes by different factors including microorganisms they have been unable to realize their full potential

Reverse osmosis (RO) is regarded as one of the most efficient technique for desalination of seawater. Further the technology has greatly enhanced the supply of clean water through the purification of nontraditional water sources such as brackish, sea, and wastewater. Reverse osmosis membranes used in the desalination are gaining popularity for water purification applications which needs high salt rejection. However, due to fouling of membranes by different factors including microorganisms, they have been unable to realize their full potential.

  • Discuss the causes and consequences of fouling of RO membranes and recent challenges faced by desalination industry. (1500 words )
  • Analyze the recent developments made in the antifouling strategies for RO membranes. (1500 words )

The answer will be

  • paraphrase
  • 3000 words
  • Harvard Referencing
  • Provide some figures/pictures and diagrams with reference

Please refer different books and journals which you can use for answer this question.