choose one of the following They Say/I Blog conversation categories from the blog https://www.theysayiblog.com/ Read Chpter 12 in Read, Reason, Write. Additionally, after you complete Class Discussion 7 and select a topic for your essay, review these characteristics of inventive research (Inventing Arguments, 361-2): • Read beyond the most accessible source. o For example, don’t stop with the first source listed in a database. • Explore sources that are opposed to your position. o Don’t seek out only those sources in line with your thinking. • Be open to change. o Be willing to modify your claim and/or approach as you encounter sources. • Look beneath the meaning of each key word or phrase. o See key terms and phrases as opportunities for more exploration. • Go back in history to find the origin of words, attitudes, and beliefs related to your topic. o Your initial understanding of a topic may be inaccurate. • Look for principles and precedents. o Imagine how your topic resonates with some broader set of rules or earlier cases. • Imagine analogies. o Make comparisons while reading and researching to see new layers of your topic. • Read for underlying values. o All arguments reflect values and assumptions that lie beneath the surface. Of course, as your text explains, not all research is exploratory. As you research your topic, you may need to conduct seeking research to locate specific information to support your claim. Evaluate your research needs by asking the “seeking” questions listed on: 1. What type of information do I need? 2. What discipline or field of study has explored this issue? 3. What type of publication is likely to offer such information? 4. What is the best way to access that information? Remember: “Writers should proceed with caution when looking for particular information: The most prevalent mistake for beginning researchers is assuming that they should do seeking research when they actually need inventive research” (Inventing Arguments, 362). Understand when to use inventive research and when to use seeking research, and make note of the difference between the two. LENGTH The final draft of this essay should be 1500–2000 words, or 6–8 double-spaced pages (plus a Works Cited Page). ACADEMIC AUDIENCE Direct this essay to a diverse audience of classmates. Assume various ethnicities, ages, and backgrounds, and assume your readers are both curious and reasonably educated. SAMPLE STRUCTURE You should be able to follow your preliminary “outline” (Journal Writing 5) to create your overall structure for this essay. Here is one way to organize your research essay: Introduction: In the initial draft, include your topic, your claim (or viewpoint) that you plan to defend, and a brief summary of your plan of presenting the evidence. Return to this introduction when you begin your revisions and rework it in terms of voice and interest. Body: Aim for 3-5 supporting points, and devote one or two separate body paragraphs to each point. State each point as a way of creating a topic sentence for an evidence paragraph. Each evidence paragraph should have specific support by way of facts, statistics, examples, or other details. Because your Essay 3 topic was more immediate to you, you might have used personal examples. Rely on more objective support here. Counterargument: After you present your defense, devote one or two developed paragraphs to counterarguments. Begin this part of your paper with a clear transition that indicates an opposing viewpoint. For example, you could begin, “Critics disagree with and feel that is more appropriate. The counterargument portion should clearly state the most reasonable counter position, but it may reference more than one opposing viewpoint. Explain the most compelling counterargument(s); then refute the opposition. Be fair and respectful to your audience, keeping in mind that you are trying to win over readers who don’t agree with you. Offending, insulting, or demeaning skeptical readers will not convince them to accept (or even consider) your viewpoint. Remember: “Be confident but not overbearing…readers nearly always tune out a harsh or insensitive voice, and they are less likely to be convinced by a wishy-washy one” (164). Use strong, reasonable details to overcome opposing viewpoints. Conclusion: The conclusion is an important summing up and review of your evidence and defense. Give your audience a satisfying sense of closure, and leave them with a solid sense of your integrity and your reasonable voice.