Global Environmental Health Issues
Why are environmental health issues important in global health? In your opinion, what environmental issues are the most important and why?
some global health priority you identified was the link between our health and the environment we live in.
More than three million children under the age of five die each year from environment-related causes
Such as polluted indoor and outdoor air, contaminated water and lack of adequate sanitation.
Economic development has led to tremendous improvements in people’s well-being, but often at the expense of the environment.
Industrialization has contributed to pollution of air and water, changing dietary patterns, and shifting patterns of transportation and land use.
Exposures to air and water pollutants directly increase disease.
Similarly, dietary changes and decreased levels of physical activity, resulting from transportation and other work and lifestyle changes, are contributing to global epidemics of obesity, diabetes, and associated diseases.
Globalization and the large geographic scale over which rapid industrialization is occurring make these environmental health problems global health problems.
Environmental health encompasses a broad spectrum of challenges.
With the evolution of human society and economic development, a shift of environmental risks has occurred over the past 20 years, from more regional effects to global impacts.
In high-income countries, environmental health issues have been more focused on the contribution of environmental factors to the risks of cancer, cardiovascular and other noncommunicable diseases.
In low and middle income countries, challenging environmental concerns, such as ambient and indoor air pollution, inadequate and poor quality of water, poor sanitation and hygiene and toxic substances remain leading causes of death, disease and disability.