Hot Work Management Areas Of The Hazards
Hot Work Management Areas Of The Hazards
Areas that hot-works are performed have been areas of hazards that claim many lives every year. This is due to lack of understanding as well as education on the dangers imposed. It is recommended to recognize the obligation of managing risks that are associated with contractors, workers and visitors exposure to the workplace hazards or the activities being conducted in these spaces. In relation to the Work Health and Safety Act, it is required that there is a proactive meeting of the work safety and health obligations by means of developing a management plan for areas designated for hot-works. The development of this plan would ensure an application of an approach to risk management to any situation likely to be categorized as a risk. Dangers are posed in these spaces due to the usually built design that is not suitable for people to work in. The usual features of areas of performing hot-works have poor ventilation thereby leading to the development of hazardous atmosphere (CCPS, 2010). Not all of these hazards are easily visible.
In the identification of areas of performing hot-works, there have to be documented areas of performing hot-work that allow undertaking of such duties. The identified documented areas have to be isolated with the use of appropriate warning barriers and screens and should not be close to combustible or flammable materials. The area also has to damp o waterproof with adequate mechanical or natural ventilation.
The areas may be composed of but unlimited to partly enclosed or closed spaces meeting criteria of a confined space definition, that is (Builder’s, 2015);
- Pressure vessels, process vessels, boilers, storage tanks, tank cars, silos and other tank-like compartments.
- Degreaser, shafts, sewers, pipes, ducts, sullage pits and similar structures.
- Any spaces for shipboards entered via a small entry point or hatchway, cargo tanks, ducts keels, cellular double-bottom tanks, oil tanks, ballast and hollow spaces.
Risks In Hot Work Spaces
The encounters of hazards, as well as association with working and entering in areas of performing hot-works, could possibly lead to bodily injury, death or illness to the respective worker. There are incidences of accident occurrences due to the failure of recognizing the potential hazards. Hence, the management plan, that aims at highlighting the hot workspaces as well as minimizing or removal of associated risks in these work areas has to be developed (Sutton, 2017).
The management plan would provide a working procedure in these confined spaces that minimize the posed risks to workers. The procedure includes;
- Reporting methods for these hot workspace risks and hazards.
- Having an initial assessment of risks.
- Developing a hot work permit.
- Laying out of associated staff responsibilities.
- Evacuation and emergency procedures
Duties that relate to individuals performing hot-works are;
- Management of risk and health in association with performing hot-work duties.
- Ensuring that the workers do not enter these confined paces until related duties are complied with(Great & Health, 2003).
- Rescue and first aid establishment procedures to be observed in the occurrence of an emergency.
The regulations from WHS issues the required control measures that include safety and communication monitoring, connected services and plant isolation and control for maintenance of safe atmosphere.
In addition, the Code of Practice provides a guidance of ways of managing risks that associated with performing hot-work duties with the adherence to systematic processes that involve;
- Identification of hazards that associate with hot-work actions.
- Assessment of risk that associate with the hazards.
- Implementation of measures that control the risks.
- Review of measures that control the risk.
- Consultation of Workers
In management, the critical part comes when workers are consulted of their safety and health with regards to the safety and health risks. Workers who work in the hot work areas would have to be consulted in the process of hazard identification, risk assessment and implementation of control measures. It is more efficient to use a group of people in the process of risk management for drawing a range of experience and knowledge.
- Co-operating, consulting and coordinating duties with related Duty Holders
In some instances, more than one individual conducts an undertaking. An example is the owner of the structure or plant having the hot work company will have to manage the company while the contractor will have to carry out work in the company. Such occurrences would require effective communication, co-ordination and co-operation between these duty holders. Therefore, there is possible elimination or minimization of risk.
- Risk Assessment
Assessment of risk in these confined spaces would be done by competent personnel before any associated task is conducted within the hot workspaces after which there would be a resulting documentation that takes into account the following (Dubey, 2009);
- The hot workspace hazards.
- The tasks that are to be performed in the hot workspace.
- The variety of performing the required tasks.
- The associated risks and hazards with the actual equipment and method proposed.
- Procedures for responding to emergencies.
- The competence of personnel conducting the tasks(McGee & Wegman, 2004).
The Process Of Risk Assessment
A process of assessing risk has to be determined before being implemented. The process of assessing risk has to be performed by competent personnel. However, it is better to use a group of people compared to single individuals for a wider range of knowledge which includes;
- Knowledge concerning the hot-work duties.
- The methods of working in these hot-work spaces.
- The safety practices to be involved.
- The process of risk assessment.
Generic Assessment Of Risk
In instances of numerous like hot workspaces with like talks being conducted and the risk factors are greatly identical, a generic method of risk assessment can be done. These hot workspaces would have single identification of hazards as well as the carried risk assessment to have a sampled representation of the hot workspaces. This is advantageous as it saves time and prevents duplication of the process of risk assessment (Roper & Payant, 2014).
Risk Assessment Review
In instances that there might have been a change in risk in the areas of performing hot-works, a review of the risk assessment has to be done. In this change of risk, factors that may contribute include (Spellman, 2000);
- Modification or installation of plant.
- Change in conditions of operating equipment.
- Change in occupational environment or atmosphere.
- Change in procedures or working arrangement.
- Safe work procedures
In the process of developing measures that can reduce the occurrence of explosions and fire, the following can be taken into account (Dubey, 2009);
- Developing safe areas of performing hot-work duties with 15m radius from the execution point for the hot-works.
- Prevention of vehicular traffic that may move through the areas of performing hot-works once the work begins(Builder’s, 2015).
- Isolation of ignition sources from fuel sources.
- Making drains and sewer covers for prevention of vapour escape.
- Not storing combustible and flammable materials in the areas of performing hot-works.
- There has to be the maintenance of equipment for fighting the fire within the areas of performing hot-work.
In addition to these, the staff members also have to assign responsibilities as follows;
The manager has to be approved and registered with having to perform the following responsibilities (Arezes, 2017)
- Ensuring identification of all associated hazards to the work being proposed, assessing them as well as controlling them.
- Being familiar with the task to be performed.
- Having to outline the way of undertaking the hot workspace work such as the precautions, procedures and equipment.
- Ensuring prominent display of any necessary sign or tag for awareness of people having an association with the plant.
- Having to cross-reference the hot work permit with other important permits.
They pertain to responsibilities that include (Cheok, et al., 2018);
- Understanding the reason for a hot work permit with knowledge of tagging and isolation procedures.
- Ensuring that no work is started before the hot work permit is availed.
Hot Work Management Areas Of The Hazards