How did the Asian empires promote global commercial expansion: keep in mind the importance of transportation costs, urbanism, military supplies, taxation, European connections, and elite consumption. Discuss the interaction of imperial militarism and long-distance commercialism connecting Europe and Asia between 1200 and 1800. Please focus on only Ming and Qing Dynasty. Be specific about people, places, and activities that are important in this interaction. I will send you the notes and the required readings.