Literary devices in Uncle Toms Cabin Uncle Toms Cabin takes a critical look into the issue of slavery set in the 19th century. Uncle Tom the protagonist of the story is sold into slavery to a cruel man, after his previous owner Mr. Shelby incurs huge debts. Later on Uncle Tom goes to live with another family, but establishes a good relationship with the child of his master. With deep devotion to Christianity Uncle Tom appears passive, but in actual sense, he did not seek to create tension and conflicts in places where he lived. Even though, Uncle Tom dies without gaining freedom, the novel illustrates the authors thoughts on the perils of slavery to the society.