As you have learned in the last chapters, policymakers have important decisions to make about whether and how to take actions designed to change conditions in the macroeconomy. This is not an easy task! There are many considerations – Is the economy doing well on its own? If not, would policy help? What kind of policy – monetary, fiscal, both? Is the economy in an expansion or a recession? Should we engage in expansionary policy or contractionary policy? What particular type of action should we take? If monetary, do we buy bonds or sell bonds? If fiscal – should we change taxes or government spending? And should the change be an increase or a decrease? For all policy actions, remember how important timing is to taking the appropriate action in a way that will accomplish the intended outcome (to the extent that policymakers can influence it).
Take a few moments to look at this video review of macroeconomic policy hosted by your friend, and mine, Mr. Clifford. Take the time to test yourself before you take on this last discussion assignment. (Remember that the AS curve that Mr. Clifford refers to shifting as the economy self-corrects is the SRAS. With no policy, the automatic adjustment mechanism is the factor at work in the economy.)
Fiscal and Monetary Policy Review
So now, since you’ve learned a bit about policy, and the difficulties associated with its implementation, your task for this discussion is perhaps the most challenging one.
In your initial post, you are to write to either the President (on fiscal policy) or to the Chair of the Federal Reserve (on monetary policy) describing a specific policy action that you believe should be taken at this moment in time (e.g., lower taxes or buy bonds) and explain why you would take the action (what is currently happening in the economy and what will this action accomplish?). Your thoughtful post (of between 200 – 400 words)
You must see this video: