Medieval / Modern Islamic Civilization Comparison.
Explain why the spirit of innovation and creativity so evident in medieval Islamic civilization had gone stale by the modern era. The paper MUST include citations in the body of the paper where appropriate from Goldschmidt, and Esposito: ¢ Goldschmidt Jr., Arthur and Davidson, Lawrence, A Concise History of the Middle East. 9th Edition. Westview Press, 2009 ISBN: 9780813343884 ¢ John Esposito, What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN: 9780199794133