petroleum production engineering theory for an integrated simulation

Hello,

I need someone to help me to write 7-10 pages of technical information related to integrated modelling and simulation of oil Fields that is going to be part of the Introduction section of a current project I’m doing. You may use the following list of concepts as a guide:

Components of Petroleum Production Systems

Volume and face if the reservoir hydrocarbons

Reservoir

  • Geological history
  • o Deposition

    o Fluid migration

    o Accumulation

  • Geological information
  • o Anticline

    o Fault block

    o Channel sand

    Porosity

    Reservoir height

    Fluid Saturations

    PVT Properties

    Areal extent

    Permeability

    Completions and Near-wellbore zones

    Well (type of lifting)

    Surface equipment

    Well productivity and Production Engineering

    Objectives of Production Engineering

  • Optimize production through evaluation and enhancement of Petroleum Production Systems
  • o Analysis of the rate-versus-pressure-drop relationship (productivity index) for the flow paths from the reservoir to the separator

    o Well testing

    o Production logging

    Important issues of Production Engineering

  • Inflow Performance
  • Near-wellbore zones condition
  • Surface fluid behavior
  • Inflow Performance and we’ll performance versus time
  • Surface flow system
  • Well diagnosis
  • Matrix stimulation
  • Hydraulic fracturing
  • Artificial lift
  • Oilfield units

    Petroleum Production Engineering Fundamentals

    Petroleum Production System

  • Reservoir
  • Well
  • Separator
  • Gas Compressor
  • Pipeline
  • Safety Control System
  • Unit System
  • Properties of Oil and Natural Gas

  • Properties of Oil
  • o Solution Gas-Oil Ratio (GOR)

    o Density of Oil

    o Formation Volume Factor of Oil

    o Viscosity of Oil

    o Oil Compressibility

  • Properties of Natural Gas
  • o Specific Gravity of Gas

    o Gas Pseudo-Critical Pressure and Temperature

    o Viscosity of Gas

    o Gas Compressibility Factor (Deviation or Z-factor)

    o Density of Gas

    o Formation Volume Factor of Gas

    o Gas Compressibility

    Reservoir deliverability

  • Flow Regimes
  • o Transient Flow

    o Steady-State Flow

    o Pseudo-Steady-State Flow

    o Horizontal Well

  • Inflow Performance Relationship
  • o IPR for Single(Liquid)-Phase Reservoirs

    o IPR for Two-Phase Reservoirs

    o IPR for Partial Two-Phase Oil Reservoirs

  • Construction of IPR Curves using Test Points
  • Composite IPR of Stratified Reservoirs
  • o Composite IPR Models

     Single-Phase Flow

     Two-Phase Flow

     Partial Two-Phase Flow

  • Future IPR
  • o Vogel’s Method

    o Fetkovich’s Method

    Wellbore performance

  • Single-Phase Liquid Flow
  • Multiphase Flow in Oil Wells
  • o Liquid Holdup

    o TPR Models

     Homogeneous-Flow Models

     Separated-Flow Models

  • Single-Phase Gas Flow
  • o Average Temperature and Compressibility Factor Method

    o Cullender and Smith Method

  • Mist Flow in Gas Wells
  • Choke Performance

  • Sonic and subsonic Flow
  • Single-Phase Liquid Flow
  • Single-Phase Gas Flow
  • o Subsonic Flow

    o Sonic Flow

    o Temperature at Choke

  • Multiphase Flow
  • o Critical (Sonic) Flow

    o Subcritical (Subsonic Flow)

    Wellbore deliverability

  • Nodal Analysis
  • o Analysis with the Bottom-Hole Node

     Gas Well

     Oil Well

    o Analysis with Wellhead Node

     Gas Well

     Oil Well

    o Deliverability of Multilateral Well

     Gas Well

     Oil Well

    Forecast of Well Production

  • Oil Production during Transient Flow Period
  • Oil Production during Pseudo-Steady-State Flow Period
  • o Oil Production during Single-Phase Flow Period

    o Oil Production during Two-Phase Flow Period

  • Gas Production during Transient Flow Period
  • Gas Production during Pseudo-Steady-State Flow Period
  • Production Decline Analysis

  • Exponential Decline
  • o Relative Decline Rate

    o Production Rate Decline

    o Cumulative production

    o Determination of decline rate

    o Effective decline rate

  • Harmonic decline
  • Hyperbolic decline
  • Model identification
  • Determination of Model Parameters
  • Not every of these concepts need to be on the report, but only the most relevant to the modelling and simulation task.
  • The order is not so relevant, it just have to make sense (be logical).
  • I’m attaching a project example so you can figure out which kind of project I’m doing but remember, you’re only helping me with the Introduction, for now. However, I can share with you the project instructions at any moment if you think it’d help
  • Thanks for your attention