Choose one of the following to write on:
Word count at least 750
- From the “Ring of Gyges,” assess Glauconâ€™s notion of justice (holiness or virtue) as a social contract. Put another way, is the moral life a matter of the soul or a means to self-preservation? In your view does he successfully respond to Socratesâ€™ desire for a definition of justice? Why or why not?
- Hume challenges the notion that â€œall benevolence is mere hypocrisy, friendship a cheat, public spirit a farce, fidelity a snare to procure trust and confidence; and that all of us, at bottom, pursue only our private interest, â€¦..â€ Do you think he is successful in showing what is wrong with this view? Why or why not? [A word of warning and caution: Hume is NOT an egoist. He and Rachels are in the same moral camp. This is why a careful read of his essay (especially the opening paragraphs) is important if you choose to write on his arguments.]
- In light of the larger context of Rachelsâ€™ essay evaluate his claim that, â€œIndeed, a man without sympathy at all would scarcely be recognizable as a man; and that is what makes ethical egoism such a disturbing doctrine in the first place.â€