Population & Sampling.
Population & Sampling ? Is the target population carefully described? ? Are sample selection procedures clearly defined? Means how the participants are recruited? ? Does the sampling method fit the research design? ? Is the sample sufficiently large and appropriate for the research design? ? Did the author identify the response rate? Data Collection ? Does the author describe the instruments used for data collection? ? Has rationale been given for the selection of instruments? ? Are instruments congruent with the research question? ? Have procedures for testing the reliability and validity of instruments been described? Data presentation ? Does the author clearly describe the findings of the study ? Is the statistical result presented clearly both in the text as well as in numerical presentation? Are graphic displays clear, simple, and accurate? ? Are results of data analysis clearly explained in reference to research questions, hypothesis and theoretical framework? ? Are the research design and the study questions fit with the analysis methods used? Discussion (Conclusions and Recommendations) ? Have the authors discussed their findings in relation to other previous research studies ? Have the authors identified the limitation of their study? ? What recommendations for nursing practice? ? Have the author mentioned the needs for future research studies? if not what future research would you recommend based on your understanding about the article ? briefly state how could this research be used in practice Protection of Human Rights ? Is there evidence of an independent ethics review by ethical or a research committee? ? Has the study been designed to minimize risk and maximize benefits to participants? ? Is there an indication that participants gave voluntary, informed consent? ? Is there evidence in the study that individuals can be identified?