research critique in an article

NOTE: THE ARTICLE IS ATTACHED AND I NEED A CRITIQUE WITH HIGHLIGHTED OF ALL STEPS ANSWERED.

Your critique should include the following:

Research Problem/Purpose

  • Describe the problem as it is presented in the study.
  • State the purpose of the research.
  • Have the investigators placed the study problem within the context of existing nursing or healthcare knowledge?
  • Will the study solve a problem relevant to nursing?

Review of the Literature (may be part of the author’s introduction or conclusion)

  • Identify the concepts explored in the literature review.
  • Are the references current in relation to the publication date of the study? If not, what are the possible reasons for using older sources?

Theoretical Framework

  • Do the authors identify their overall assumptions or a theoretical framework for the study? Are these assumptions appropriate for the study?
  • Does the research draw only on nursing theory, or does it draw on theory from other disciplines?
  • If a formal theory is not identified, suggest one (preferably a nursing theory) that might be suitable for the study. Various nursing theories can be found at http://www.nursing-theory.org/theories-and-models/

Variables/Hypotheses/Questions/Assumptions

  • What is the research question or the hypothesis? Is it clearly stated or implied?
  • What are the independent and dependent variables in the hypothesis or research question?
  • Are the variables clearly defined so that the reader understands the researchers’ interpretation of the variables?
  • Is the dependent variable concrete and measurable?

Methodology

  • What type of design (quantitative, qualitative) was used in this study?
  • Was inductive or deductive reasoning used in this study?
  • State the sample size and study population, sampling method, and study setting.
  • Did the investigator choose a probability or non-probability sample?
  • Describe how the independent variable was tested or surveyed in the study.
  • Describe how the dependent variable was measured.
  • Discuss the reliability and the validity (quantitative) or the credibility (qualitative) of the measurement tools.
  • How were ethical considerations addressed? What ethical considerations were necessary for this type of study?

Data Analysis

  • What data analysis method was used?
  • How were the results in the study presented to the reader?
  • Discuss at least one (1) finding from the authors’ results and relate it to the dependent variable of the study.

Summary/Conclusions, Implications, and Recommendations

  • What are strengths and limitations of the study other than those stated by the authors?
  • Can the researcher generalize the findings to other populations? Explain.
  • What is the significance of the findings and conclusions for you in your personal nursing practice? For nursing as a profession?