You may do outside research beyond the required readings for the course, but that is not required. Be sure to focus your essay narrowly, and use specific quotations from the texts as evidence to make your arguments. Although the following questions are focused on reading assignments since the Midterm Assignment, you may cite examples from any point over the arc of the semester. As much as possible, refrain from aesthetic judgments to concentrate on analysis, with supporting evidence for any claims that you make. Be intentional about your assertions and how you argue them in order to be as persuasive as possible. Beyond simply answering the questions posed in the following prompts, you should use the essay to think through the implications of your statements, and draw conclusions about design based on the evidence that you present. Essays should be clearly written, proofread, typed, and should use the Chicago Manual of Style format for citations (consult https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide/citation-guide-1.html (Links to an external site.), and see examples below). In addition, assignments must be completed independently, footnoted appropriately, and submitted on time. Images should be included where appropriate and cited, with source. Prompt ： Choose one of Philip Johnson’s “Seven Crutches of Modern Architecture,” as well as a building, space, or architectural interior built or designed after the essay’s publication (in 1955). Analyze the design 1 project (built or unbuilt) in terms of that crutch. In what ways do the designers rely on the crutch, and why? Refer to specific details, materials, and design decisions on several scales to make your argument.