Anti-social Behavior Introduction: Millie (2008) argues that the labeling of a behavior as ‘anti-social’ depends on expectations about how people should behave in a particular environment. QUESTION 1: Critically discuss the argument of Millie (above) on why this Behavior of ‘Graffiti in Public Spaces’ IS Anti-Social Follow Steps Below: 1. Explain Millie’s (2008) main argument’s (see introduction text above) – Approx. 100 WORDS (*2 strong references*) books and Journals only—- – (However, MOST of this essay should directly address the question).
2. Identify What graffiti in public spaces is. – Approx. 50 WORDS. (at least *1 strong reference from a book or journal only*) 3. Consider who the ‘offenders’ and ‘victims’ are with graffiti in public spaces (*2 strong references discussing this issue*) Approx. – 100 words 4. Critically discuss WHY graffiti in public spaces might be conceived of as being ‘Anti-Social’. Approx. – 650 words (main body of essay) (**9 strong references**) by keeping in mind Millie’s arguments to back up claims. – Note that when you are asked to ‘critically discuss’ an issue, this means you should use Academic Evidence (SUGGESTED in references BELOW) and theory IF required to make a case FOR and AGAINST an ARGUMENT before arriving at a Conclusion. It is important to ensure you understand the difference between ‘evidence’ and ‘theory’. – HOWEVER The question is not asking you specifically to talk about theory and therefore the most important thing to do is make sure you use evidence (i.e. empirical studies) to support your claims. Once you have used evidence, and if you decide that discussing a theory would help you to develop an argument, then include such a discussion. **1 or 2 criminological/sociological theory backed up by evidence would be good in the critical discussion ** 5. Conclusion – 100 words (No references required) To restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument: that is, it reiterates the most important evidence supporting the argument. **Referencing and finding Literature** When searching for relevant references, please make them as relevant to Millie’s arguments to make the evidence as strong as possible in the critical discussion on why THIS Behavior of ‘Graffiti in Public Spaces’ IS Anti-Social. 6. Some of References must come from the list below about 5/12. Please include Millie 2008 and Baker, A.M 2015 (graffiti…) in some of the references. Baker, A.M. (2015) Constructing citizenship at the margins: the case of young graffiti writers in Melbourne, Journal of Youth Studies, vol. 18 (8), pp. 997-1014. Millie, A. (2006) Anti-social behaviour: concerns of minority and marginalised Londeners, Internet Journal of Criminology, https://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/4319/1/Millie_-_2006_-_IJC.pdf Millie, A. (2008) Anti-social behaviour, behavioural expectations and an urban aesthetic, British Journal of Criminology, vol. 48, pp. 379-394. Overall 12/13 references for whole essay including Millie 2008. – Harvard referencing ______________________________________________________________ successful essay: – A strong essay will contain a clear structure, identify the behaviour you are focusing on from the list above at the beginning and will be written in an engaging academic style with few spelling and grammatical errors. – —- — Proofreading is recommended. -As an indication, a good essay will contain at least ten (12) academic sources (including Millie, 2008). Academic sources refer to academic books or journal articles. __________________________________________________________ A poorer essay will simply will rely on non-academic sources or will include a lot of unsupported claims, will be have an unclear structure, will contain substantial spelling/grammatical issues, and will show little indications of independent thought.