sociology research paper 01

Write a paper answering ONE of the following Research questions. You are allowed to but are not required to use this topic for future assignments in the course.

  • What explains why some college students binge drink and others do not?
  • What explains why school shootings occur when and where they do?
  • What explains why some types of youth vape and some do not?
  • What explains variation in voter turnout across different demographic categories?

Assignment

Word count at least 950

I. Use the question you chose to create your own, more SPECIFIC research question. Explicitly state your question in your opening paragraph and answer it in your thesis statement. For example, here are two different versions (with silly date/country to ensure you create your OWN specific version):

  • What explains why school shootings have become more common since 1902 in the United States?
  • What explains why school shootings are more common in the United States than on Mars?

II. Using the ProQuest databaseLinks to an external site.

    1. Identify three peer-reviewed social science journal articles that discuss your research question.
    2. You MUST use this database and no others, because it ensures you have reliable sources. Other websites, newspaper/magazine articles, blogs, etc. are NOT acceptable. 5 points deducted for each article not from ProQuest.
    3. Ensure one (and preferably all 3) articles includes theoretical claims and describes evidence related to your research question (e.g., an experiment, survey, quantitative analysis, case study, etc.).
    4. Do NOT use more than three articles.

III. Read the three articles you have identified.

IV. Write at least one paragraph that discusses the dependent variable (DV) and what values it varies between.

  • Example of one sentence in such a paragraph: School shootings in the US vary between X per year in 19XX and Y per year in 20XX. [Then, provide more detail of the facts about school shootings that need explanation.]

V. Write three paragraphs, one for each of your three independent variables (IVs) that the articles you are using argue influence the dependent variable (DV). Address the following:

  • Identify EACH of your 3 IVs and the values EACH can have.
    • Example: Articles by Wesson (2014) and Baretta (2018) argue that increases in school shootings are due to increased gun sales. The variable “gun sales” can have possible valuesof “none,” “some,” and “lots.” This made-up example is for one IV, you need 3.
  • Describe the LOGIC in the articles about how EACH IV influences (causes variation in) the DV.
    • Example: These authors say that increases in the sales of guns lead to increased school shootings because people with knives can kill fewer people. Be careful and make sure your IV explains the DV you selected.
  • Discuss agreements and disagreements across articles about the influence of your three IVs.
    • Example: Smith (2012) disagrees with Wesson (2014) and Baretta (2018) that more guns lead to more school shootings. She argues that a study from a Martian town (no guns are sold on Mars) showed that school knife attacks occur at similar rates to those in the US.

VI. Write at least one paragraph about how you could conduct research to help us better understand the dependent variable (DV) you chose.

  • Example: To better understand why school shootings occur, I would compare 50 US states in terms of number of gun stores and number of school shootings.

VII. Review your research question and edit your paper to make sure the 3 articles you use address the research question you are asking.

VIII. Write a conclusion.

IX. PLEASE DO NOT use ANY of my examples here in your essay. First, these examples are made up and wrong! Second, doing so would be plagiarism.

Citations: If you need a format for citations (you can used your preferred option if you have one) is available HERE. Regardless of the citation style you choose, make sure all your citations have the same elements in the same order, that is, be consistent.

Rubric

Thinking Like a Social Scientist

Thinking Like a Social Scientist

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeJournal Articles*Paper incorporates 3 articles (from ProQuest).

100.0 pts

Max Points

0.0 pts

No Marks

100.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeResearch Question*Restates the question in their own words. *Reinterprets research question back through sources

100.0 pts

Max Points

0.0 pts

No Marks

100.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDependent Variable*Identifies the dependent variable you are researching; gives at least one paragraph of explanation. *Tells us how the dependent variable varies over time and context. *Makes sure dependent variable matches what you are trying to explain

300.0 pts

Max Points

0.0 pts

No Marks

300.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIndependent Variable (A)*One paragraph on each of the (at least) 3 independent variables specified. *Identifies values each independent variable can have, and how these values vary with dependent variable.

200.0 pts

Max Points

0.0 pts

No Marks

200.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIndependent Variable (B)*Identifies and maps logic that leads authors to believe each IV influences DV

200.0 pts

Max Points

0.0 pts

No Marks

200.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOverview of the Discussion in the Literature*Discuss if and how the articles you have selected disagree on the IVs’ relations to the DV

50.0 pts

Max Points

0.0 pts

No Marks

50.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeFuture Research*Writes at least one paragraph on conducting research to generate new understanding of DV *Identifies where your potential research would ‘fit’ in the literature on your dependent variable

50.0 pts

Max Points

0.0 pts

No Marks

50.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCurveThese are the points added to your score to achieve a fair curve

0.0 pts

No Marks

0.0 pts

XC

0.0 pts

Total Points: 1,000.0