The phonological adaptation of loanwords in Turkish

The phonological adaptation of loanwords in Turkish

This paper investigates the phonological adaptation of loanwords in Turkish. An adaptation process is a method that a language uses to adapt a loanword from its original native phonology to a secondary language phonological system. Historically, Turkish borrowed many words from other languages, such as Arabic, Persian and English. Turkish utilizes many strategies when applying a loanword from other languages to its native phonology. Some of the phonological processes that Turkish adapted are replacing segment, final devoicing, vowel harmony, deletion, and epenthesis. Turkish adapts other language words through these processes to ease the pronunciation of borrowed words. Outline: 1- Introduction 2- Historical review of Turkish language 3- What is borrowing / loanwords? 4- Background of loanwords in Turkish 5- The phonological processes that Turkish adapted in Arabic, English …. etc. loanwords. 6- Definition of each phonological processes and how in apply in Turkish and examples that show this point. 7- Conclusion