The Relationship Between Authentic Leadership and Employee Commitment in Texas Rural Hospitals with 25 Beds or Less and in a Primary Service Area with a Population of Less than 20,000


Chapter 2: Literature review for each article. Must follow required format. Each article is to be reviewed and summarized exclusive of the other. Each review must include the following: Author Topic/Subject (IV influence on DV (Topic) Instrument (s) participants Measure Results Example follows: Hirsch, DeYoung, Xu, and Peterson (2010) conducted a study to examine factors of the Big Five personalities and political conservatism. Participants included 481 member of the Eugene-Springfield Community Sample. The Big Five Aspect Scale was administered to determine participant’s level of Big Five personality traits. To measure political preference, participants subsequently complete two Likert-type scales measuring their political orientation. Items included statements such as, “Politically, I favor the Democratic Party” and “Politically, I favor the Republican Party.” Liberalism was assessed using the IPIP Liberalism Scale. A regression analysis was conducted using each of the broad Big Five domains to predict political party preference. As expected, significant effects were observed for Conscientiousness (Beta = -.16, t(425) = 4.71, p < .01), Openness (Beta = -.16, t(425) = -3.28, p < .01), and Agreeableness (Beta = -.37, t(425) = -3.53, p < .01).