Please respond to the following two post 100 words 1 reference each
#1 Patricia Lopez Fernandez
The choice of Electoral System is one of the most important institutional decisions for any democracy. The choice of a particular electoral system has a profound effect on the future political life of the country concerned, and electoral systems, once chosen, often remain fairly constant as political interests solidify around and respond to the incentives presented by them. However, while conscious design has become far more prevalent recently, traditionally it has been rare for electoral systems to be consciously and deliberately selected.
Nurses are well aware that todayâ€™s health care system is in trouble and in need of change. The experiences of many nurses practicing in the real world of health care are motivating them to take on some form of an advocacy role in order to influence a change in policies, laws, or regulations that govern the larger health care system. This type of advocacy necessitates stepping beyond their own practice setting and into the less familiar world of policy and politics, a world in which many nurses do not feel prepared to operate effectively.
To use our power and influence effectively, we need to develop an awareness of the legislative process and hone our working knowledge of the political arena. Nurses have been somewhat reluctant to do this in the past. We have for the most part just wanted to take care of our patients with no time or interest in the politics of individual institutions and even less interest in the political activities going on around us. Nurses may feel they are ill equipped to delve into legislative activities, but who better to advocate for patients than nurses? We have been patient advocates in our interactions with doctors and administrators, why not with Congress?
For decades, the American Nurses Association (ANA) and its constituent members have provided information to nurses and the public on important state and national legislative agendas. The ANAâ€™s Political Action Committee and similar state groups support candidates who hold views consistent with the ANAâ€™s regulatory and legislative agenda to improve the U.S. healthcare system. And individual nurses can make a difference by contacting members of Congress on key issues through the grassroots network N-STAT (Nurses Strategic Action Team).
Goolsby, M., & DuBois, J. (2017). Professional organization membership. Journal of The American Association Of Nurse Practitioners, 29(8), 434-440. doi: 10.1002/2327-6924.12483
Patel, K., & Rushefsky, M. (2015). Health Care Politics and Policy in America. Journal Of Nursing Regulation, 6(1), 64. doi: 10.1016/s2155-8256(15)30013-2
#2 Marcia Quesada
Nurses are aware that the present health product is in danger and needs modifications. The experiences of countless nurses training in the real world health are encouraging them to believe some sort of advocacy part to affect an alteration of the policies, laws or maybe regulations which govern the bigger health system. This particular promotion type requires going beyond the own practice of theirs and also to the much less common world of politics and politics, a planet where numerous nurses don’t be ready to run efficiently. The achievements of political defense depends upon getting electricity, will, energy and time, together with the political abilities required to “play the game” in the legislative area. Beginning with Florence Nightingale, there was shocking instances of specific nurses across the story of the career which demonstrated the ability of theirs to shape health. Nursing staff do thus by initiating policy proposals, vetoing or altering various other people’s proposals or significantly influencing the implementation of health policy. As in previous times, a lot of nurses nowadays are motivated to bring some kind of advocacy to produce changes in regulations, laws, or current policies which govern the bigger health care program. Getting at ease with the job of the defense demands a bit of preparation as well as a little experience, though it does not need to be frustrating.
Particular energy will be the grounds for advocacy and collaboration for various options, like the legislative area, and offers nurses with extensive credibility to chat about health problems. Nurses have one of the better views of the issues which suppliers & individuals face and also the actual effect of issues inside the system, like the current nursing shortage. Nurses are uniquely positioned to talk about their knowledge and knowledge by meeting with the effective to teach, encourage them to act, and also cause them to become matter when the positions of theirs and voting records do not match the rhetoric of theirs. Nursing staff, like healthcare providers & customers, have personal and professional encounters of possible solutions and problems to show policy makers. It’s the specialized energy which allows nurses to contribute the knowledge of theirs of nursing, medical attention as well as patient safety to immediately help support the marketing as well as fulfillment of the policy objectives of theirs.
Gimbel, and Emami, P., Mitchell, P., Kohler, S., A. (2017). Produce academic components to market the job of nursing in worldwide health policy. InternationalNursing Review, 64(1), 117 125.
Turale, S. (2015). Write about nursing policy as well as wellness policy. InternationalNursing Review, 433-434, 62(4).