western civilization Paper instructions: Choose one of the topics listed below and write an essay. Your answer should include citations in chicago style to at least three of the references. please indicate which question you are addressing. 1) Analyze and discuss the following documents: œHitler’s First Antisemitic Writing (http://www.h-net.org/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/hitler2.html), along with œFascist Doctrine (Chambers, 825) and œGoebbels’ Popular View of German Culture (Chambers, 841). What do you learn from these documents about the ideology of fascist movements in Italy and Germany? Why do you think such movements became so popular in these countries during the inter-war period? 2) Discuss the Internet document œLenin, ˜What is to be Done?’ (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1902lenin.asp) and œTwo Accounts of Revolution in Russia (Chambers, 820). What do you learn from these documents about the Russian revolution and Bolshevik ideals? How did Lenin’s party manage to come out on top in the aftermath of the collapse of the Romanov dynasty? 3) Discuss the Internet document œFreud, The Interpretation of Dreams’ (http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/world_civ/worldcivreader/world_civ_reader_2/freud.html). What do you learn from this document about the new science of psychoanalysis? Consider the impact of Freud’s ideas in light of Chambers’ discussion of inter-war culture on pp 826-832. How do you explain the œnew directions in science, philosophy, and the arts discussed on those pages? 4) Discuss the document œA Gas Chamber (Chambers, 865) and the special section entitled œThe Historians’ Debate on German Genocide (Chambers, 867-868). What do you learn about the reasons for and practical application of the German policy of genocide during the war? What are the major issues that historians debate over this genocide and what is your take on this debate? 5) Discuss the documents œChurchill Sees an Iron Curtain (Chambers, 879) and œStalin’s Reply to Churchill (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1946stalin.asp), along with œThe Soviet Union Denounces the United States While Calling for Arms Reduction (Chambers, 889). Explain the reasons for the rise of the Cold War so soon after the end of WWII. What were the main issues that separated the USSR from the Western powers? How do the writers of the documents portray the other side of the conflict? Could the Cold War have been avoided? Why or why not? References: œFreud, ˜The Interpretation of Dreams (http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/world_civ/worldcivreader/world_civ_reader_2/freud.html); œLenin, ˜What is to be Done?’ (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1902lenin.asp); œHitler’s First Antisemitic Writing (http://www.h-net.org/~german/gtext/kaiserreich/hitler2.html); œStalin’s Reply to Churchill, 1946³ (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1946stalin.asp); œThe Marshall Plan (1947) (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1947marshallplan1.asp); œDe Gaulle, ˜Le Grand Non!’ (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1967-degaulle-non-uk.asp); œKhrushchev, ˜Secret Speech’ (1956) (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/krushchev-secret.asp); and œBrezhnev Doctrine, 1968³ (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1968brezhnev.asp). Please read them carefully in light of the background information provided by Chambers and be prepared to discuss some of them in this week’s second discussion topic.